Running a redundant apache server does not require much from apache itself, but rather the underlying filesystem and a proxy in front of it. The filesystem is important, so the website can be shared between the servers. For this we will use GlusterFS. PHP sessions will have to be shared between the webservers too. Redis will be used for that and finally we will put a proxy in front of apache, which will be a combination of Corosync and HA-proxy.
In this setup we will configure 2 apache servers. None of these will be master/slave/primary/secondary. They will just be running with the same configuration.
- 192.168.1.51 www (virtual IP-address)
- 192.168.1.52 www01
- 192.168.1.53 www02
apt-get install apache2 php php-mysql php-redis
Configure your system as a GlusterFS client, so you have the following in your fstab.
/etc/glusterfs/www.vol /var/www glusterfs defaults,_netdev,rw 0 0
Creating a PHP session on one webserver, does not create it on the other. As requests bounces back and forth between the two webservers, this will be a problem for PHP sites. A solution to this is using Redis as a storage for the PHP sessions.
In /etc/php/7.0/apache2/php.ini and /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini find the entry session.save_handler = files and change it to the following.
session.save_handler = redis session.save_path = "tcp://redis01:6379, tcp://redis02:6379, tcp://redis03:6379"
Copy the configuration to all webservers and finally restart the services.
service apache2 restart
Make a simple webpage, that shows something unique about the system and also creates a PHP-session. Use this to test the setup.
1 <?php 2 header('Content-Type: text/plain'); 3 session_start(); 4 if(!isset($_SESSION['visits'])) 5 $_SESSION['visits'] = 0; 6 $_SESSION['visits']++; 7 echo "client: " . $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'] . "\n"; 8 echo "server: " . $_SERVER['SERVER_ADDR'] . "\n"; 9 echo "hostname: " . gethostname() . "\n"; 10 echo "visits: " . $_SESSION['visits'] . "\n"; 11 echo "cookie: "; 12 if (array_key_exists('PHPSESSID', $_COOKIE)) 13 echo $_COOKIE['PHPSESSID']; 14 echo "\n"; 15 ?>